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Fairfield Primary


National Curriculum Programmes of Study

As a valued part of the curriculum at Fairfield Primary School, Geography provides a means of exploring, appreciating and understanding the world in which we live and how it has evolved. We aim to stimulate the children’s curiosity and imagination thus building upon their "personal geography" by developing geographical skills as well as understanding and knowledge through studying places and themes. We encourage children to learn by experience and we value fieldwork as an integral part of the Geography Curriculum. We aspire for the children to have a fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives.

Foundation stage

During the Foundation Stage children are taught about how to understand their world.

"Understanding of the world develops as children take notice of everything around them including places and all the things within them such as trees in the natural environment and roads and traffic in the built environment. Finding out about places begins initially when a child learns about their own home and the things nearby, then later as children notice things on journeys to and from home – such as the sequence of the traffic lights or names on street signs. This awareness is extended by visiting places and finding out about different elements of environments in books, on TV and through using other technology. This aspect also focuses on learning about cause and effect and is developed through having conversations with adults and other children about the things they observe."

Key Stage 1

During Key stage 1, children develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They should understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness.

Key Stage 2

During key stage 2, children extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe, North and South America. This will include the location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features. They should develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to enhance their locational and place knowledge.

 Our teaching equips children with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deeper understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes.

 As children’s knowledge progresses about the world this helps them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments.

Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills provide the frameworks and approaches that explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and how they change over time.